Publisher websites point to purchase options for individual articles in cases where the library has not licensed access. These transactions are available to any individuals to make at their own expense. The library cannot make these purchases on behalf of users, as these types of sales are not available to institutions. Users are encouraged to place requests through interlibrary loan to get these articles for free.
Certain publisher websites point to article rentals through a service called DeepDyve. They sell monthly and yearly subscriptions to individual users and small organizations for bundled academic publications from participating publishers like Wiley, Oxford, and Springer Nature. A certain portion of DeepDyve's catalog may charge additional rental fees on top of the subscription price.