"Open Science is the movement to make scientific research and data accessible to all. It includes practices such as publishing open scientific research, campaigning for open access and generally making it easier to publish and communicate scientific knowledge. Additionally, it includes other ways to make science more transparent and accessible during the research process." (UNESCO Global Open Access Portal, retrieved October 2021.)
The idea behind Open Science is not limited to scientific disciplines. Open Data is a key part of Open Science, and data is captured, generated, or used in almost every academic discipline. Whether you are collecting oral histories, digitally analyzing text corpora, collecting soil samples, or conducting a systematic review, you are engaging with data. Open Data refers to making research data openly available in order to broaden access to it, encourage its re-use, support greater reproducibility and transparency in research, build public trust in research data, and increase its impact.