Council of Science Editors Style (formerly the Council of Biology Editors Style) Electronic Resources:
Scientific Style and Format: the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers
Call Number: 808.066 S4169 2006
(Level 3 Information Desk and Level 2)
American Medical Association Style Guide: Electronic Resources:
American Medical Association Manual of Style : a guide for authors and editors
Call number 808.06661 A512s 1998
Each time you make a statement based on a reference, cite that reference as soon as clarity allows, using the author(s) name(s) and publication date. e.g.:Several studies found that atrazine causes cancer in lab animals (Chickenlittle 1992; Jay and Crow 1996); however, other studies found no such effect (Ostrich et al. 1994; Frankenstein 1998).
The EPA web page provided both water quality standards (EPA 2002a) and drinking water standards (EPA 2002b).
For text references with more than 2 authors, list the first author and then "et al." Example:Smith et al. 1994.In the bibliography, list all authors for a source.
If you discuss one study for one or more paragraphs, do not cite it every sentence. Introduce the study at the beginning, then end with a final citation. For example: Bailey et al (1994) produced one of the definitive studies on the impacts of grazing on riparian birds….(discuss for a paragraph or two). ……. Hence livestock grazing was concluded to be one of most widespread human actions reducing the diversity of bird populations in the southwest US (Bailey et al 1994).
How to cite a work that was cited by someone else: (Powell 1858, cited in Forbes 1872) .NOTE: The CBE style manual, 1994 (pg. 626) states that "such citation through secondary sources should, in general, be discouraged" (i.e. read the original article if you want to cite it).