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Women in Government Documents: 1960-1980

a quick look at resources relating to the history of women in the united states.

Starting Points

What was going on?

1960 Diane Nash, one of the unofficial leaders of the Nashville sit-ins, and over 5000 others confront Mayor Ben West  on April 19, 1960  regarding the attempted murder of a prominent  attorney.. - Library of Congress

1961 Freedom Riders test a recent Supreme Court decision prohibiting segregation on interstate buses.
FBI reports on the Freedom Riders

1963 The Equal Pay Act requires equal pay for men and women performing the same job duties.
The American Presidency Project includes Kennedy's Remarks Upon Signing the Equal Pay Act.

1965 In Griswold v. Connecticut, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that Connecticut's ban on the distribution of contraceptive devices or information is a violation of married couples' right to privacy.
Listen to oral arguments from OYEZ.

1965 Voting Rights Act
America's Historical Documents: The Voting Rights Act

1972 The Equal Rights Amendment is passed by the Senate and submitted to the states for ratification.
Equal Rights Amendment extension : hearings before the Subcommittee on the Constitution of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, Ninety-fifth Congress, second session, on S.J. Res. 134 ... August 2, 3, and 4, 1978. Call Number Y 4.J 89/2:Eq 2/7  

1972 Title IX of the Education Act Amendments of 1972 bans discrimination in most federally assisted educational program

1973 Frontiero v. Richardson Supreme Court decision.
See A Double Standard for Benefits - Frontiero v. Richardson from the Supreme Court Historical Society.

1974 Listen to Barbara Jordan's Statement at the U.S. House Judiciary Committee Impeachment Hearings, part of Say It Plain: A Century of Great African

1978 The Pregnancy Discrimination Act is passed.

Legislative history of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 : Public Law 95-555 / Call Number Y 4.L 11/4:P 91/3
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission offers the text of the
Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978

 

Court Cases

1967 In Loving v. Virginia, the Supreme Court rules that Virginia's miscegenation statute is unconstitutional.

1971 Reed v. Reed, 404 U.S. 71 (1971)

1973 Frontiero v. Richardson Supreme Court decision.
See A Double Standard for Benefits - Frontiero v. Richardson from the Supreme Court Historical Society.

1973 In Roe v. Wade, the United States Supreme Court rules that women have a right to abort a fetus during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Read more about these cases in the Official reports of the Supreme Court Call Number JU 6.8/A: