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According to Walker and Taylor (2006) there are five principles of referencing:
Neville (2007) discusses why referencing is important. He provides nine reasons, though acknowledges there are likely more: Tracing the origins of ideas, Building a web of ideas, Finding your own voice, Validity of arguments, Spreading knowledge, An appreciation, Influences, Marking criteria, and to Avoid plagiarism.
Neville, C. (2007). The complete guide to referencing and avoiding plagiarism. New York: Open University Press.
Walker, J., & Taylor, T. (2006). The Columbia guide to online style (2nd ed.). New York: Columbia University Press.
Research papers generally build on the work of previous writers and researchers. Whenever you write a paper and use the material of another author, you must document that source. Documentation credits the author and publisher of the original work and provides the necessary information for readers to consult the same sources.
The Chicago and Turabian styles are basically the same. Kate L. Turabian designed her guide specifically for students and researchers when she worked as dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago for 30 years. Her ‘Turabian’ guide is based on the University of Chicago Press’s Manual of Style and focuses on the rules most important for students’ papers and other research not intended for publication.
Many of the samples in this guide are from the Chicago Manual of Style (16th edition, 2006). If needing to cite specifically in the Turabian style, please consult that particular manual and/or the electronic resources listed.