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Citation Style Guides and Management Tools: Electronic

Guide to APA, ASA, Chicago/Turabian, MLA, and science citation styles, as well as information on citing government information and managing your research.

ASA Citation Style Guide

American Sociological Association. 2010. American Sociological Association Style Guide. 4th ed. Washington, DC: American Sociological Association.


BOOKS:  electronic format

REFERENCED MATERIAL

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Print edition of a book accessed through and online library 

(Sect. 5.3.1)

Bib Example:

Winant, Howard. 1994. Racial Conditions: Politics, Theory, Comparisons.  Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Retrieved June 4, 2010 (http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ethnicgendetitles/docDetail. action?docID=10151087).

Online Books

(Sect. 5.3.1)

Bib Example:

Young, T.R. 1989. Crime and Social Justice: Theory and Policy for the 21st Century. Red Feather Institute. Retrieved June 22, 2010 (http://uwacadweb.uwyo.edu/RED_FEATHER/ crime/001contents.html).

ARTICLES:  electronic format

REFERENCED MATERIAL

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Articles available in print and online form

 (Sect. 5.3.2)

Bib Format:

Author1 (last name inverted) and Author2 (including full surname, last name is not inverted). Year of publication. “Title of Article.” Name of Publication (italicized) Vol Number (Issue Number):page number of article.

Bib Example:

Scott, Lionel D., Jr. and Laura E. House. 2005. “Relationship of Distress and Perceived Control to Coping with Perceived Racial Discrimination among Black Youth.”  Journal of Black Psychology 31(3):254-72.

Articles with URL available in online form only

Bib Example:

Schafer, Daniel W. and Fred L. Ramsey. 2003. “Teaching the Craft of Data Analysis.” Journal of Statistics Education 11(1). Retrieved July 10, 2010 (http://www.amstat.org//publications /jse/v11n1 /schafer.html).

Articles with Digital Object Identifier (DOI) available in online form only

Bib Example:

Persell, Caroline Hodges, Kathryn M. Pfeiffer, and Ali Syed. 2008. “How Sociological Leaders Teach: Some Key Principles.” Teaching Sociology 36(2):108-24. doi: 10.1177/0092055X0803600202.

Articles retrieved from an online database

Bib Example:

National Center for Health Statistics. 2010. “Faststats, A to Z.” Retrieved July 10, 2010 (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/faststats/).

Articles retrieved from a web site with a known location

Bib Example:

Anderson, Elijah. 1994. “The Code of the Streets.” Atlantic Monthly, May 1994, pp. 81-94.

Articles retrieved from a web site with an unknown location-corporate website 

Bib Example:

IBM. 2009. “2009 Annual Report.” Retrieved July 12, 2010 (http://www.ibm.com/annualreport/2009 /2009_ibm_annual.pdf).

OTHER RESOURCES:  electronic format

REFERENCED MATERIAL

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Blog Entries

(Sect. 5.3.5)

Bib Example:

Harrington, Brooke. 2010. “Economic Sociology.” American Sociological Association. Contexts Blogs. Retrieved July 12, 2010 (http://contexts.org/economic sociology/).

Podcasts

(Sect. 5.4.2)

Bib Example:

National Academies. 2010. “National Getting Better Health Care for Your Buck.” Audio Podcast. Retrieved June 4, 2010 (http://media.nap.edu/podcasts/).

Dissertations and Thesis retrieved from database

(Sect. 4.3.2.2)

Bib Example:

Kirk, David S. 2006. “Unraveling the Neighborhood and School Effects on Youth Behavior.” PhD dissertation, Department of Sociology, University of Chicago. Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Database, 1158524191.